At the beginning of the tour around the Middle of the World City, tourists will be able to visualize in a real and palpable way the ancestral houses that are characterized by having objects used by our ancestors, which were part of the life, customs and traditions of the indigenous communities.
In this tourist attraction you can see three different houses such as: Housing of the Shuar, Housing of the Sierra and the Coast.
Housing of the Coast Region
The dwelling of the Coast Region, exposes the life of the "montubios" people starting from the construction of the house, which were always located on the banks of the rivers for a better commercialization of their products and on four wooden piles *, the walls are of bamboo cane and the roof of palm.
In the interior of the house, you can see the agricultural instruments that were used, such as the dagger, the "pulla", "scribble" and the machete. A pylon used to stack rice, coffee, cocoa, etc.
In addition, there is an anchor or saddle of two bodies (of straw and wood), which were used for the load; And a leather mount for rodeos.
Housing of the Sierra Region
The indigenous dwelling or "bohío ", stands out for the use of traditional materials and the pre-Hispanic architecture of the peoples of Ecuador. The technique used for the construction of bohíos is the "bahareque ", a construction system that consists of using interwoven sticks or reeds and black mud.
Inside the dwellings you can appreciate the representation of the room and the kitchen, where the "soberado" is highlighted, where food is kept to protect them from rodents and humidity, from which hang the best cobs called guayungas, when they are dry, the grains are scattered in the earth and serve as seed for the next planting; We can also observe the Shigras made with cabuya, formerly used as a measuring instrument for the marketing of their products.
In the lower part we have the famous Tullpa, which is made up of three stones of cangahua, volcanic stones, placed in three different sizes, the largest representing the Father, the median to the Mother and the last to the descendants or their Children, in the potted corn is roasted without any fat and we observe everyday utensils.
In the circular housing can be had contact with the Shaman Carlos Pichamba, coming from Otavalo - Province of Imbabura. From his infancy he was instilled in the customs, values and mythical knowledge of shamanism, an ancient legacy that has been transmitted by his grandfather.
With 84 years of age, he has dedicated most of his life to being a transmitter of traditions. Its initiation was in Tixán-Province of Chimborazo, from that date it has preceded in ceremony to protect of this form the spiritual and social order of the communities.
During the solstice and equinox rituals, Taita Carlos seeks to reach the connection between the different levels of cosmic space, focusing his attention on the cycles of nature and human life, always thanking the Sun (Inti) and Mother Earth (Pacha Mama) for the crop received.
For its ceremonies uses elements of nature that are placed in the floor of the ancestral dwelling of the Mountain range, which helps to maintain the contact with the Mother Earth, these elements are: medicinal plants, incense, stones of various forms and Sizes, corn kernels, or obsidian mirrors.
The Taita Carlos tells that his life of learning is continuous, he loves what he does and his knowledge is being transmitted to his children, he feels grateful to be part of the Middle of the World City, as he shares national and foreign tourists his knowledge and Wisdom about the pacha mama and the Inti, thus creating bonds through good energies and at the same time creating awareness in the protection of nature.
Housing of the Amazon Region
The Amazon Region is home to many nationalities and ethnicities of Ecuador, who despite the years have tried to keep their ecosystem intact, reflecting a unique characteristic in each group.
With the aim of highlighting the traditions of one of the nationalities of Ecuador, the Middle of the World City built the housing of the Shuar, in which the experiences, geographic location and language that identifies this important community of Ecuador is revealed.
The Shuar belong to the linguistic family "jíbara", the largest homogeneous cultural group in the Amazon Region. Its housing is constructed of wood of chonta or Ampakai and of pillars of cane guadua or Kenku. The roof is made with palm leaves and Teren.
The house is divided into two spaces: the tankamash reserved for men and visitors; Ekent is the area for women and their household chores.
You can observe the instruments of hunting and fishing, weapons, baskets, among others. In addition, it emphasizes the practice of the reduction of the heads, with which it wanted to maintain the social balance, when punishing the crime.